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Not wearing helmets it is also interesting for soviets [full summer pegasus set, and some in strelets set] and british paras.
In 1939 all regular units wore helmets in battle. It is seen even in german photos of dead in battle poses. But territorials batalions [Obrona Narodowa] had polish helmets, some had french helmets and some in rear area had no at all.
Also many emeregency created units were lack of helmets. Such biggest formation were three regiment created in depots of Grodno, which finally fought in defence of Lwów.
In LWP '43-45 sitution looks similar to soviets units. Some soldiers even in battle wore soft caps.
Take a look:
minute 5 and ff.
If infantry squad in cap on street looks rather posed. firing ligh gun are rather real, quite cloce to first line. There are some photos that even infantry in battle wore "rogatywka", or at lest have mixed headgear.
http://www.militaryimages.net/forums/showthread.php/2087-The-Peoples-Army-of-Poland-%28World-War-II%29 [soldiers in Kołobrzeg / Kolberg, before of railways station with seen artillery fire]
These polish war films from 60 and 70ties, had military advisors who fight in LWP, so it is really hard to judge, that not waering helmets was propanda [but why?] or just war reality.
So finally I think that some soldiers of LWP for some reasons wore only rogatywka in battle.
Thanks again TommyGn. I am unable to decide whether the links you kindly provided show actual combat or not, but I take it some Polish soldiers did wear the cap in battle.
I like "national" troops to wear national items of dress for at least a few figures in the package. The Free French troops picked up 1940 French items of kit after D-Day and wore them. They were fully equipped with US Army gear but being French wanted to show they were French. So many obtained Adrian helmets and other bits of gear. I suspect the Polish troops serving with the Soviet Union did the same as they went through Poland.
As for wearing hats in combat, sometimes there is a shortage of helmets. Sometimes troops are caught in rear areas and don't have time to switch from hat to helmet. Sometimes, particularly on a night patrol, noise is important. So troops will wear a cap rather than a helmet, because helmets make loud noises when they scrape a bush or tree limb.
Mike Bunkermeister Creek
Bunker Talk blog
Incidentally - this issue is on that precisely...
By the way "Polish People's Army" or LWP as one of the commentators was mentioning a dozen of times is totally wrong.
they were called "Wojsko Polskie" till 1948.
the looks of the czapka can clearly be seen here: