A halfway house is an organization that offers residential treatment to people who are in need of help. Residents of a halfway house are given the opportunity to receive treatment for various addictions at the same time. There are programs for alcoholism and drug addiction, but there is also a specialty program for people who have been victims of crime and abuse. This kind of treatment center gives addicts an option to receive treatment while they continue to live in their halfway house.
For people who have a substance abuse or addiction problem, there are different types of programs that are offered in a residential facility such as a halfway house. The programs offered are residential treatment, inpatient treatment, day treatment, inpatient recovery, and outpatient services. All these different types of treatment centers offer different kinds of services for different people.
Residential treatment in a halfway house offers both inpatient and outpatient services to people who qualify. The residential treatment center offers various kinds of programs for those who are addicted to drugs or alcohol. Many institutions house people who are incarcerated and have been victims of crime. In such cases, the center may provide a rehabilitation program for these incarcerated people who are still in need of outpatient treatment and guidance.
Some states have devised a penal code based on the Uniform Crime Control Act (UCCA). One section of the code addresses the prevention of drug or alcohol abuse at prisons and other correctional facilities. The UCCA defines crimes against humanity and prescribes penalties for these violations. States that have criminal codes that cover prisons include: Arizona, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Hawaii, Illinois, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, Pennsylvania, and Washington. Halfway houses in these states that house people who are incarcerated are also required to comply with the provisions of the UCCA and its implementing state laws.
The Department of corrections and the Bureau of Prisons oversee the compliance of the UCCA. The Bureau of Prisons ensures that all nationwide facilities are in compliance with the minimum standards required by the UCCA. Facilities that are found to be in violation of the UCCA are subject to enforcement action. Facilities that are found to be in noncompliance of the UCCA are subject to fines and to other corrective measures by the BOP.
The majority of halfway houses have a mixed bag of shortcomings. For example, many houses have extremely below standard conditions for the occupants. Many of the conditions in these conditions are due to the lack of supervision by the facility staff. Other than the lack of sufficient supervision, some conditions in the halfway house might be due to the inefficiencies and corruption within the facility. Some might even be due to the resident's request. Regardless, of how poorly some halfway houses treat their residents, however, they are still required to meet the conditions of the UCCA.